|Neurothemis is a genus of dragonflies
in the family Libellulidae. Most Neurothemis species are red in color.
Neurothemis tullia (Drury, 1773),
the Pied Paddy Skimmer, is a species of dragonfly found in south and south-east
Asia. It appears in Bangladesh, China, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia (Peninsular
Malaysia), Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, and Viet Nam. The
species is fairly common, with a black body and black and white wings with
Male is sized in abdomen 16-20mm,
hind wing 19-23mm. The face is black and the eyes are blackish brown above,
vialaceous below. Thorax is black with middorsal cream stripe. Legs are
black. Basal half of the wings is opaque blue black which is bordered
by a milky white patch towards the tip. The wing tips are transparent.
Wing spot is dull brown. Abdomen is black with a broad middorsal creamy
white stripe on the upperside.
Femaleis sized in abdomen 16-19mm,
hind wing 20-23mm. The female differs significantly from the male in body
markings and colouration. The face is olivaceous yellow. Eyes are pale
brown above, which fade to pale olivaceous towards the sides and below.
Thorax is greenish yellow with a bright yellow mid dorsal stripe. This
stripe is broadly bordered with blackish brown throughout. The outer surface
of legs is yellow and the inner surface is black. Base of the wings bright
amber yellow. Front edge of the wing is blackish brown, broadening into
very large blackish brown spot. This spot extend to the rear edge of the
wing. In hindwings this spot is irregular or sickle shaped. Tips of all
wings are broadly blackish brown. Wing spot is dull brown. Abdomen is bright
yellow with a broad black band above. Underside is black.
It is conspicuous species of ponds,
marshes and paddy fields. Flight is slow and weak. Usually perches on twigs,
aquatic weeds and other plants. This species is very common along irrigation
canals in paddy fields. Breeds in marshes and ponds. Found throughout the
year. However, peak abundance is during July-September months.
Neurothemis tullia is an extremely
widespread and common species, occurring throughout mainland tropical and
subtropical Asia, Hong Kong, Hainan and Sri Lanka. IUCN Red List accessed
as Least Concern.
Subramanian, K. A. (2005). Dragonflies
and Damselflies of Peninsular India